Saturday, October 22, 2011

History of Pencak Silat


Pencak Silat
Pencak Silat is a martial art that has its roots in Malay families. This martial art is found in Brunei, the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and the countries bordering the ethnic Malay. Many historians claim that martial arts was first found in Riau on Srivijaya kingdom era to the VII century, although in rough shape. Malay martial art was later spread throughout the area of ​​Srivijaya, the Malay Peninsula and the island of Java.
But the existence of a new martial arts recorded in the books of literature in the eleventh century, it is said thatDatuk Suri Kings of royal Pahariyangan in kakibukit Mount Merapi has developed a form of martial arts in addition to other Minangkabau. Minangkabau Silat is then spread to other areas along with the migration of the nomads. This Malay martial arts kejayaanya peaked in the sixteenth century the Majapahit kingdom era. Majapahit silat use of science as the science of war to expand their territory. Majapahit in virtual control of the entire archipelago except on the ground Pasundan Priyangan kingdom that can not be fully controlled.
Priyangan famous royal army great with martial silatnya. Because the isolated region and the limited influence of Majapahit, the art of martial arts empire Priyangan almost did not get the slightest influence of Minangkabau silat. Pencak silat's most famous royal Priyangan is Cimande.
Historians and the warriors agreed that a variety of martial arts is a growing stream today comes from the two styles is that berassal of West Sumatra and West Java as described above. Besides martial arts grew from two roots, namely:

1. The root of nobility (nobility developed / kingdom, is closed and maintained kemurnianya);
2. The roots of the people (developed by the merchant / clerical / other classes of society, be open and adaptable).
IPSI defines silat as a union of four elements, namely:

1. Elements of art (a form of culture in rhythm gerakdan rules that are subject to balance, harmony, and harmony);
2. Martial element (strengthening human instinct to defend yourself against various threats and dangers to the techniques and tactics that are effective);
3. The element of sport (develop physical activity for fitness, agility and sporting achievement);
4. Olahbatin elements (shape attitudes and noble personality to appreciate and practice the values ​​and norms customs which implies politeness as the warrior ethic).
During the twentieth century martial arts has grown rapidly and has become a sports competition under the control and regulation PERSILAT (Guild Pencak Silat Inter-Nation / The International Pencak Silat Federtion). Pencak Silat is being promoted by Persilat to several countries in the world with the goal of martial arts became an Olympic sport, only members are allowed Persilat acknowledged participating in international competitions. Now some of the national federation of Europe together Persilat pencaksilat has established the European Federation of Pencak Silat. In 1986 the first world championship martial arts outside of Asia is in Vienna, Austria. In 2002 Pencak Silat was introduced as part of the program performance at the Asian Games in Busan, South Korea for the first time. World championship final is in Penang, Malaysia in December 2002. Apart from Persilat that make martial arts as sport games, there are many streams of traditional old martial arts that developed under the name silek / Sikek and the arts in various parts of the world, it is estimated there are hundreds of flow / style and thousands of college.
IPSI (Association of Pencak Silat Indonesia)

Although in the Netherlands penjahan martial arts had no place to grow but there are still many young people who study it. The soul and spirit of national revival since Budi Utomo was established to find the elements of cultural heritage that can be developed as a national identity. Through the unity of the preparatory committee Pencak Silat Indonesia then on May 18, 1948 disurakarta formed, chaired by mr.Wongsonegoro IPSI. The main program in addition to streamlining the flow-flow and the martial arts throughout Indonesia, IPSI proposed program to the government or to enter a martial arts lessons in schools. Efforts initiated in the period beginning the later 50s stewardship Ditahun less attention, with diadakanya seminar initiated by the government of 1973 Pencak Silat in Bogor. In the seminar was done setting the terms for the Indonesian art of self defense under the name 'Pencak Silat'. At that time people call this martial as different. Pencak means the basic motion martial arts, which bound to the rules and are used in learning, training and performances. Silat martial arts motion means perfect, springing from the sacred kerohnian pure, to personal safety or the common welfare, avoidance / man of self-defense / disaster. Today martial arts contain elements of sports, arts, martial arts and mysticism. The definition of martial arts (PB.IPSI along Bakin 1975 is: "Pencak Silat Indonesia is the result of human culture to defend / maintain its existence (independence) and integrity (manunggalnya) on the environment / natural surroundings to achieve harmony of life in order to increase faith and piety to One God ". IPSI regard to the meaning of the symbol is:

* Basic color white means pure in deeds;
* The color red means courage in the truth;
* The green color means tranquility in the face of everything that led kemantaban soul because it is always faithful and bertauhid to the one God in hikmad and serene;
* The yellow color means that the IPSI prioritizes character and inner and outer well-being to its triumph in the homeland;
* Forms pentagon shield means that the IPSI berasaskan ideal rights foundation Pancasila Pancasila and aim to establish a true man;
* Eagle wings yellow red berototkan mean strength of the Indonesian nation bersendikan purity, keluruhan and dynamics;
* Wings 18 pieces, 5 pieces of fleece sheets +4 +8 sheet means the date established IPSI is May 18, 1948. The wing consists of 17 sheets 18 +1 means the IPSI in the spirit of building a united proclamation of the state;
* Strands 5 circle means that the IPSI through sport is a bond of humanity between the various streams to uphold the principle of the family, brotherhood and mutual cooperation;
* Ties a red ribbon and white means that IPSI is the unifying bond of various schools of martial arts, which is the result of a strong culture because it is based by a sense of nationhood, language and landless Indonesi water;
* Image of a white hand in a green base illustrates that IPSI assist countries in the field of national security through the development of mental / physical order IPSI cadre of national personality and sehak bodied, strong and straight.
Posted by barra at 08:00Labels: martial arts

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